The significant buildings in this block include: 401-03 S. Rampart, the Odd Fellows Ballroom/Eagle Saloon; 413-15 S. Rampart, the Iroquois Theater; and 427-31 S. Rampart, the Karnofsky Tailor Shipp and Residence. Very little remains of the physical fabric of jazz history in New Orleans. These three buildings are noted for their contribution to that history, as well as the cultural history of New Orleans and the local African-American community. These buildings continue to deteriorate from neglect. As icons of both jazz and African-American history, their restoration should be a primary focus of the city where jazz was born.
Myrtle Rosabella Banks Elementary School
THREAT: Slated for demolition.
This three-story, masonry, former elementary school was designed by City architect E. A. Christy. The school was closed in 2002 and damaged by fire in 2008. Local architects have vouched for the structural soundness of the building overall, but it has not been secured and is exposed to the elements and to vagrants. The building is slated for demolition in the 2008 School Facilities Master Plan. This is a sturdy and significant building that could be declared surplus, sold, and reused.
THREAT: Neglect, roof damage.
The library first opened in December 1907 and for almost sixty years, it was the only public library in New Orleans' West Bank. The library did not sustain damage from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and reopened in October 2005. In May 2008, city inspectors deemed the room in imminent danger of collapse and ordered the library closed. The promised immediate actions to repair and renovate the library in 2008 have yet to commence. There is strong local support for renovating and reopening this neighborhood library.
LaSalle Elementary School Formerly NOCCA
THREAT: Neglect, abandonment.
The former New Orleans Center for Creative Arts is a prominent and unique building in a primarily residential neighborhood. In 2000, NOCCA moved out of the building to the riverfront and the building has been vacant ever since. Alumni include Wynton Marsalis and Harry Connick, Jr. among many others. Due to neglect and deferred maintenance, the building's condition continues to worsen. In the 2008 School Facilities Master Plan, the building is slated for "complete replacement," although the structure is still viable and would function well in a variety of public and private uses.
The Orpheum Theater
THREAT: Demolition by neglect, flood damage, exposure to the elements.
The Orpheum Theater opened in 1921 as a vaudeville theater and in the 1930s was renovated to accommodate motion pictures. Designed by American theater architect G. Albert LAn
A premier example of Art Deco architecture in New Orleans, this massive, 20-story structure was build by Weiss, Dreyfous and Seiferth. The loss of Charity Hospital as a functional medical hub would have a lasting impact on the future development of the area. Charity Hospital was previously included on the 2007 list, but is listed again in 2009 due to the continued and heightened threat of abandonment and the lack of resolution on the future location of the hospital.
Downtown Riverfront Neighborhoods (French Quarter, Faubourg Marigny, and Treme)
THREAT: Industrial riverfront development.
The preservation of the Downtown Riverfront Neighborhoods as active residential and tourist areas is threatened by plans to construct a heavy industrial plant on the Governor Nichols and Esplanade Avenue Wharfs. The location of the proposed plant would endanger the historic residential neighborhoods, which are too important to our identity and economic prosperity to put them at risk through the construction of heavy industrial uses at the very heart of this historic city.
Overseer's House at New Orleans Adolescent Hospital
The Overseer's House, a Creole cottage with attached side wings and front gallery, is the oldest structure on the New Orleans Adolescent Hospital (NOAH) site. No plantations remained on the east bank of New Orleans by 1844, and surviving examples of plantation-related buildings are extremely rare. The building also served the site's occupancy as a sawmill and brickyard, and later as a main residence for Marine Hospital personnel, and then US Public Health Services personnel. The building as been allowed to deteriorate and the abandonment of the site leaves the future uncertain.
New Orleans Center For the Education of Adults
THREAT: Slated for demolition.
The former McDonough 16 elementary school is located in both the historic Seventh Ward and the New Marigny Historic District. DEsigned by E. A. Christy, it exhibits his distinctive multi-light windows on all elevations. The school is a three story, masonry structure with a tile roof. The fenestration is predominantly intact and the tile roof does not have any major damage. According to the 2008 School Facilities Master Plan, the building is slated for demolition, although it would be an excellent candidate for public or private reuses.